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Naming Someone "Jack The Ripper" As Revenge

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Naming Someone "Jack The Ripper" As Revenge

Post by Karen on Sat 27 Feb 2010 - 14:29

In my research, I have found that naming someone "Jack the Ripper" as an act of revenge is quite apparent in a couple of cases, and the best example of that is one Joseph Liss, alias Silver. In 1895, Joseph Liss testified at a huge and well publicized indictment trial on allegations of Police and Government corruption in New York City. One name that cropped up during the trial was a name that is not unfamiliar to Ripper researchers - that of Inspector Byrnes. Liss/Silver, a burglar and ex-convict, who had recently served a sentence in Sing Sing, New York, returned to South Africa in 1898 and was executed in Poland in 1918, as a spy. The accusations of Joseph Liss as having been the Whitechapel fiend may have its roots in this most fascinating New York Police corruption trial. I now present the articles:

MAY INDICT DETECTIVES.
Lawyer Moss Gives His Views of the Arrest of McManus and Jacobs.

WERE FRIENDLY WITH LISS, HE SAYS.
Grand Jury Takes Up the Case and Begins an Investigation - The Parkhurst Society's Lawyer Tells His Side.

Frank Moss, counsel to the Parkhurst society, related yesterday his side of the story of the transactions that have led to the arrest of Detectives Jacobs and McManus on the complaint of the society for conspiring to commit a burglary at 8 Delancey Street. The story of the arrests and the detectives' side of the case were told in the New York Times yesterday.
"It is conceded," said Mr. Moss, "that Silver or Liss is a professional burglar and that after he had served a term in prison he became intimate with Detectives McManus and Jacobs, and, according to McManus, has had many "transactions" with them.
"Just what those transactions were I cannot now state, but McManus said, under oath, that they were for the purpose of enabling him and Jacobs to apprehend other criminals, and he then declared that he and his partner are in almost constant communication with twenty-five or thirty burglars and thieves with whom they are on friendly terms as a means of discovering crime in this city.
"McManus and Jacobs were friendly with Silver early in February, and, according to their story, the meetings were frequent and were had at Jacobs's house and at a restaurant after midnight. Subsequent to the friendly relations of which they tell, Mr. Cohen's place was robbed and Cohen at once recognized Silver's picture in the Rogues' gallery as that of the man who had robbed him.
"The case was put in the hands of Detectives McManus and Jacobs to arrest Silver, and, although the robbery was committed on Feb. 14, he was not arrested until Feb. 25, ten days later, during which time they admit that they had five interviews with Silver. Then, when they learned what a bad hole they were in, they arrested Silver under an assumed name on a charge of being a suspicious character, and we for a time lost track of him. McManus took him to Essex Market Court on Tuesday and arraigned him as John Doe, and adjusted matters there so that no record of the arraignment was made in the court and Silver was remanded in the custody of the detectives.
"We kept looking for the man, and when in sheer desperation he was again arraigned on Wednesday, I appeared and volunteered to defend him, and thereby obtained an opportunity to cross-examine the detectives. They admitted that they had been friendly with him for a long time; that they were at 8 Delancey Street by appointment with him, and that during the ten days in which they were presumably trying to arrest him they had frequently held communication with him.
"McManus and Jacobs saw our detectives and knew that they were watched, as we had spies on them and Silver, and they admitted that they arrested him because they knew that they had been seen. They met him at Pell Street and the Bowery and tried to arrange for him to leave the country on the Paris when she sailed.
"When the detectives had Silver arraigned the first time, he could have been discharged, but they kept him in custody to work upon him, and when he was arraigned on Wednesday and I appeared they had to make a charge against him. Instead of charging him with robbery, they took two hours to draw a complaint that charges him with an attempt at bribery, saying that he confessed to a robbery and offered $50 to them to keep still about it.
"On their cross-examination, McManus said that when he saw Dennett at 8 Delancey Street he became suspicious, and that his suspicions continued until he received the money package by express. He stated that the reason he did not take the express package containing the money was that he would have to receipt for it, and that otherwise he would have accepted it. He sent Ike Van Leer, one of his friends, to Paterson N.J., to ask Silver to come to New York, and told Van Leer to tell Silver that the reason he did not take the $50 was because it had been sent to Police Headquarters, and that that was not the proper place to send money.
"They say that Silver proposed to them, at the meeting on Monday night, to give him money and clothing to leave the country, and that when they saw they were watched while talking to him they arrested him at once. It is evident that our detective's presence at the time of their consultation was the cause of the arrest, and not their desire to take him for the robbery. They arrested him in desperation, as our men were constantly watching Silver.
"The detectives tried to shield themselves behind Superintendent Byrnes at first, but when he disclaimed any knowledge of what they alleged they had been doing they tried to get behind Inspector McLaughlin. If the Inspector gave them instructions to permit the robbery and then consult with the thief, as they did before arresting him, I would like to know it. Superintendent Byrnes complained to me yesterday because I had taken such a sensational course in the matter, but I told him that it was the detectives' own fault. As I said to McManus in court, when I saw him telling his story:
"I am after your scalp, and will get it if possible, but don't hang yourself, as you are now doing."
Jacobs and McManus yesterday retained Howe & Hummel as counsel. The lawyers sent the following letter to the Grand Jury, which began to investigate the case:
Gentlemen: Charles Jacobs and Charles B. McManus, two officers who have been connected with the Municipal Police Department for the past eleven years, and whom we represent as counsel, were arrested yesterday on a charge of conspiracy, with intent to commit a burglary, by Superintendent Byrnes, at the instance of an ex-convict named Joseph Liss, alias Joseph Silver. The warrent for our clients' arrest was issued by the Hon. John W. Goff, Recorder of this city, in his magisterial capacity, and an examination was set for Tuesday at 1:30 o'clock in the afternoon. Information has reached us that, in express discourtesy of Judge Goff, and in utter disregard of the rights of the two officers, whose record in the department is, as the records will convince you, thoroughly unblemished, a movement is on foot to investigate the charges before your honorable body.
All we ask, as a matter of justice to these two police officers, is that, should your honorable body take up the matter, you will subpoena Officers Jacobs and McManus to appear before you, in order that they may, without the slightest reservation, give their testimony in the proceedings. An indictment framed without a hearing from the accused would not only be an act of injustice, but would go very far to injure two innocent men. We have taken the liberty to send a copy of this letter to Judge Cowing, Recorder Goff, and District Attorney Fellows.
The Grand Jury began an investigation of the case yesterday, hearing Liss, or Silver, whom the detectives had arrested. Jacobs and McManus were summoned to appear before the jurors. The jury adjourned at 1 o'clock, without having found an indictment.
The Grand Jurors will sit over today in order to continue the case.

Source: The New York Times, March 1, 1895

DETECTIVES IN CUSTODY.
The Parkhurst Society Causes the Arrest of Jacobs and McMannus.

ACCUSED OF CONSPIRING TO ROB.
A Bench Warrant Issued by Recorder Goff and Served by Superintendent Byrnes - The Case Against the Men.

The Parkhurst society yesterday secured the arrest of Detective Sergeant Charles Jacobs and Detective Charles J. McMannus of Police Headquarters on a charge of conspiring to commit a burglary. The men were arrested on a bench warrant issued by Recorder Goff, and served at the Recorder's request by Superintendent Byrnes.
When the two detectives, in the custody of the Superintendent, arrived at the Criminal Courts Building, there was great excitement. The news seemed to spread like wildfire, and a big crowd surged about the door of Recorder Goff's private chambers, where the Superintendent took his charges.
There was a long consultation behind closed doors, and then the two detectives came out about 2 o'clock, going to the bond-room of the District Attorney's office. Jacobs had for a bondsman Martin Engle, while Charles Rabb went on the bond of McMannus. The prisoners were held in $1,000.
After the bonds had been arranged, Detective Jacobs told this story of the arrest:
"This is a job that was put up on us by the Parkhurst society. They used for the purpose a man named Joseph Liss, who is in the Rogues' Gallery; his number is No. 1,473. In October, 1891, I arrested him in company with a man by the name of Goldberg, whose picture is also in the gallery, for having burglars' tools in his possession. He was sent to State prison for two years and eight months. After he came out I arrested him again, and sent him to Pittsburg, where he was convicted of perjury, conspiracy, and blackmail, and he was sentenced to fourteen months in the Allegheny Penitentiary. He was discharged from there on Feb. 1 of this year.
"He came at once to this city and offered his services to the Parkhurst society. Then he came to my house and told me that he wanted to reform. As I had sent him to prison twice, he thought I was the proper person to come to. I gave the man his supper at my table and $3, and said if he really wanted to reform I would help him. I also said he must not come to my house any more, and that if he wanted to see me I would be at the restaurant known as Lyons's on the Bowery, near Houston Street, each night at midnight. He came there three or four times, and I always paid for his supper and gave him some pocket change. One night he said to McMannus and me: "You men have been kind to me and I will try to repay you. This morning I met two men that were in prison with me in Pittsburg, and are "grafting" in this city. They go each morning to the pawnshop of Simpson, near Delancey Street, to plant their stuff, and I will put you on to them."
"By this, he meant that the men were stealing here and pawning their plunder. We arranged for him to see the two men the next day, and bring them past a saloon where we would be stationed, so we could see them. We were within 250 feet from Delancey Street in this saloon the next morning at 8 o'clock. We waited there until after 9 o'clock, and, in looking out of the window, saw "Angel" Dennett, Whitney, and Lemmon of the Parkhurst people standing, half concealed, in the doorway of Le Moult, the florist, and we wondered what they were up to.
"Well, after 9 o'clock, Liss came in, and said he did not think they were coming, and, although we had waited for two hours, we went away, as Liss said he would find where these people lived. As we returned to Police Headquarters, we remarked to Inspector McLaughlin that we had seen the Parkhurst people, and wondered what they were up to. The next morning we found a letter that a man named Samuel Cohn had identified No. 1,478 in the gallery as the man that had entered his place the morning before, shortly after 6 o'clock, at 8 Delancey Street, within a few hundred feet from where we were standing at that hour, and our orders were to place him under arrest.
"Then it came like a flash to me that something was wrong with the whole matter, and I told the Inspector. He then ordered us to go slow, and not arrest this man, and to see what he was up to with the Parkhurst people, that if we suspected a job, to take things easy, and it would all come out.
"That night when I got home, I found a dispatch from Paterson N.J., which read:
"Everything is all right; letter will follow," signed "Joe." The next day a registered letter came during my absence, for which my wife receipted, and which read:

Charles Jacobs:
"Dear Friend - That burglary I committed yesterday in Delancey Street did not turn out as well as we expected. I only got nine watches, and three of them filled; some chains, opera-glasses, and small stuff."
"This has corresponded to the loss reported by Cohn, who, by the way, we could not find at 8 Delancey Street.
"Well, this letter was read by the Inspector, and the next day we sent two men to Paterson, one to find Liss, and the other to see if the first man was followed by any one. Over there, Dennett and Whitney followed the first man. One of the men we sent keeps a saloon in Delancey Street, and has been a close friend of the man Liss. He came to me the next night and said Liss was here. We accused Liss of putting up a job on us, and showed him why we knew it. He finally admitted that that was so. He said I had sent him to prison twice, and that he wanted to get even, and that he now had us where he wanted us."
Jacobs continued that Liss made overtures to the detectives to buy him off. He finally agreed to take $500 and some clothing. They met in a saloon at Pell Street and the Bowery, where the detectives arrested Liss. He was remanded Monday until Tuesday, then yesterday was held in $3,000 bail.
Police Superintendent Byrnes, shortly after he came out of the Recorder's chambers, said:
"I do not know much about this matter. The Recorder sent for me this morning, and said he had a warrant he wished me to serve, and gave it to me. I merely served it."
Mr. Moss of the Parkhurst society said the two detectives became frightened when they found Liss had been with the society's detectives, and caused his arrest. Mr. Moss had a search made for Liss, and found he was at Headquarters. It was the detectives' intention, he believes, to release the man and get him out of town.
Charles Jacobs is a Detective Sergeant, and has been connected with the Detective Bureau for several years. He was appointed on the police force May 6, 1885, and was made Detective Sergeant about two years ago. McManus was appointed on the police force Jan. 23, 1884. He has been on Inspector McLaughlin's staff nearly two years. He also served under Superintendent Byrnes when he had charge of the detective office. He formerly did patrol duty in the Eldridge Street Station.

DR. PARKHURST CALLS ON MAYOR.

GRATIFIED THAT POLICE REORGANIZATION IS BEGUN.

No More Appointments This Week - Mr. Brookfield Gives a Place to John C. Graham.

The Rev. Dr. Parkhurst and Charles Stewart Smith entered Mayor Strong's office together soon after 3 o'clock yesterday afternoon. Immediately it was rumored that they came as a committee from the Chamber of Commerce meeting, but there was nothing to bear this out. John Sabine Smith was talking to the Mayor at the time, and Dr. Parkhurst and Mr. Smith sat down on the settee near the door.
Edward Lauterbach, Chairman of the Republican County Committee and a rabid Platt man, came in. He saluted Dr. Parkhurst, and the latter got up and shook hands warmly with him.
"How are you, Lauterbach?" said Charles Stewart Smith, who is strongly anti-Platt, and they shook hands very cordially.
As soon as John Sabine Smith retired, the Mayor got up and welcomed Dr. Parkhurst with the greatest cordiality. As Mr. Smith was shaking hands with the Mayor, the latter said to Dr. Parkhurst:
"Do you want to be a Police Commissioner?"
At this there was a hearty laugh from all three, and the subsequent interview between the Mayor and Dr. Parkhurst seemed to be of the pleasantest character. It was the first time that Dr. Parkhurst had been in the Mayor's office since the new administration began.
Charles Stewart Smith talked with the others a few moments, and then went back and had a long and vigorous talk with Mr. Lauterbach. Both men seemed to be very positive about what they were saying.
Dr. Parkhurst said he had simply called to pay his respects to the Mayor, and further than that he would not discuss his visit.
As soon as Dr. Parkhurst and Mr. Smith had retired, Mr. Lauterbach and the Mayor had a long talk.
"Dr. Parkhurst is gratified that something has been begun in the work of police reorganization," said the Mayor, when asked about Dr. Parkhurst's visit.
The Mayor announced late yesterday afternoon that he had decided not to make any appointments this week. This is a slight change in the Mayor's programme, for on Tuesday he thought he would name the Fire Commissioners this week.
Commissioner of Public Works Brookfield appointed John C. Graham Superintendent of the Bureau of Repairs and Supplies yesterday, in place of Mr. Bergen, who has held the place for several years. Mr. Graham is a builder. He is a Twenty-sixth District Republican and a Brookfield man. The salary is $2, 750. Mr. Brookfield also appointed Peter Flint, a Milholland Republican, stenographer and typewriter at $2,000 a year. It is reported that he will appoint William Henkel, leader of the Twelfth District Republicans, Superintendent of the Bureau of Incumbrances.
Dr. Parkhurst's society recently sent a communication to the Mayor protesting against Philip Milligan, who keeps a saloon and restaurant in Broadway, between Thirty-first and Thirty-second Streets, serving as a Grand Juror. In it it was claimed that Mr. Milligan violated the excise laws himself, and hence was not fit to serve as a Grand Juror. A prompt investigation of the evidence obtained by the society's detectives was asked for. The letter was sent to the Mayor, as Chairman of the Commissioners who prepare the list of the Grand Jurors. Mayor Strong declined to give the letter out for publication or to discuss it. Dr. Parkhurst said the letter had been sent to the Mayor a day or two ago, and that he had not a copy of it, and that any copy of it must be obtained from the Mayor.


Source: The New York Times, February 28, 1895



PARKHURST AGENTS ACCUSED.
Justice Grady Suggests that Dennett and Whitney Might Be Charged with Conspiracy.


Police Justice Grady, in the Essex Market Police Court, yesterday declared that Joseph Liss, the burglar, and Agents Dennett and Whitney of Dr. Parkhurst's Society for the Prevention of Crime should be charged with conspiracy against Central Office Detectives Jacobs and McManus, unless the evidence taken in the case of attempted bribery brought by the detectives against Liss was disproved.
Justice Grady's statement was part of a decision which he handed down when the examination in the case was resumed in the morning. He said that under Section 44 of the Penal Code the prosecution had established a clear case of bribery.
"The act of the defendant in sending the money packages and letter," he said, "clearly justifies the conclusion that the money sent was meant by the defendant to influence the officers' action, decision, and other proceeding with other reference to the burglary confessed to by the defendant.
"The defendant's guilt was nowise lessened because the officers knew there had been no burglary, or because they insist that the bribery attempted was part of a scheme to entrap them. The intent of the defendant controls. The offer of the envelope said to contain $50 was a bribe, as the letter clearly referred to Cohen's complaint of burglary against Silver.
"Unless any defense or explanation is forthcoming in addition to the charge of bribery, from the evidence before me, if un-contradicted, a complaint of conspiracy should also be filed against Silver, Cohen, Dennett, Whitney, and all concerned in the plot charged by the complainants herein.
"I make this statement to enable the parties mentioned to make such contradictions or explanations as they may see fit."
Lee Hilsinger, cashier of the Paterson office of the Wells, Fargo & Co. Express Company, produced the receipt of the money packages as evidence that Liss or Silver had received them, and Lansing Bonnell, manager of the United States Hotel in Paterson, testified that Joseph Silver and E.A. Whitney were assigned to Room 26 of that hotel Feb. 14.
Frank Moss, counsel for Liss, moved to dismiss the case, but was overruled, and Justice Grady released Liss under $3,100 bail. Liss refused to sign his formal complaint.
A dispute ensued over the retention by the detectives of Liss's letters, and Justice Grady ordered the detectives to have them translated, and to produce them tomorrow in the Tombs Police Court.
Mr. Moss had a consultation with Recorder Goff in the afternoon.

Source: The New York Times, March 10, 1895

THEIR DEFENSE A SECRET.
Indicted Police Officials Well Provided with Counsel.

WILLIAMS MAY NOT ESCAPE.
More Indictments Expected - Supt. Byrnes Doing His Best with a Depleted Force - Fire Department Inquiry.

The indicted members and ex-members of the police force who today are to appear to plead before Justice Ingraham, have planned to be a unit in meeting the charges against them, and, while employing diverse counsel, to have their interests, collectively, looked after by Col. Edward C. James, who is counsel for ex-Capt. William S. Devery.
Inspector McLaughlin, Captains John J. Donohue, Jacob Siebert, and Michael J. Murphy, and ex-Wardman Edward G. Glennon, have returned Friend & House, ex-Capt. John T. Stephenson's lawyers, are Tracy, Boardman, & Platt, and Louis J. Grant will look after Capt. James K. Price, and Policeman Henry H. Schill of the Fifth Precinct. Who will be the special counsel for Ex-Capt. Edward Carpenter has not been announced.
Lawyers from the firms named met yesterday at Col. James's office. The proceedings were secret, but a general plan of action was agreed upon, and when the nine or ten defendants - Stephenson is looked for this morning - appear to plead, they will be accompanied by an array of cousel prepared to act both in concert and for the best interests of each individual defendant.
As to ex-Capt. Stephenson, no concern whatever was manifested at the District Attorney's office yesterday, as he is heavily bonded to abide by the decision on his appeal for a new trial.
In regard to James Burns, the prevailing opinion is that he is in Ireland, while some believe that he is still attending races in the South as a bookmaker. It will be remembered that he testified when he was tried at Police Headquarters that he was an expert in racing matters, and that his luck in wagering, accounted for his prosperity. Should his whereabouts in this country be discovered, it would be easy to arrest and extradite him from any State.

McLaughlin Calls at Headquarters.

Inspector McLaughlin, who is suspended from duty pending the outcome of the criminal proceedings, called on Superintendent Byrnes at Police Headquarters yesterday, and had a short talk with him. The indicted official declined to talk of his strait. Other visitors received by Mr. Byrnes were ex-Capt. Adam A. Cross, and ex-Wardman George Smith, whose reinstatements were ordered by the General Term of the Supreme Court. They were silent as to their visit, which was in compliance with advice of counsel to report for duty until definite action is taken on the order of the Court.
During the day the Superintendent had a talk with all the commanders of precincts, each man obtaining a private audience. Mr. Byrnes said of these visits that they had to do with official business pertinent to the efficiency of the department.
The police force is just now depleted by death, legal action, and neglect to bring it up to its full quota by appointing patrolmen and filling vacancies by promotions. More than 300 policemen are lacking, and at present, owing to the civil service regulations, only eligible lists of twelve men to fill ten vacancies can be asked for. Thirteen Sergeants now command precincts, namely:


First Precinct - Sergt. William Hogan, replacing Devery, dismissed.
Third Precinct - Sergt. W.L. Linden, replacing Hooker, retired.
Fourth Precinct - Sergt. Edward Walsh, replacing Slevin, deceased.
Fifth Precinct - Sergt. Norman Westervelt, replacing Doherty, dismissed.
Eighth Precinct - Sergt. J.M. O'Keefe, replacing Price, suspended.
Tenth Precinct - Sergt. John R. Groo, replacing Stephenson, dismissed.
Thirteenth Precinct - Sergt. Patrick Cully, replacing Siebert, suspended.
Fourteenth Precinct - Sergt. John Wiegand, replacing Cross, dismissed.
Sixteenth Precinct - Sergt. W.T. Coffey, replacing Donohue, suspended.
Seventeenth Precinct - Sergt. Patrick Oates
Twenty-third Sub-Precinct - Sergt. Frank W. Robb.
Twenty-sixth Precinct - Sergt. John Cooney, replacing Murphy, suspended.
Twenty-seventh Precinct - Sergt. William Dean.

As there are thirty-eight commands entitled to Captains, only twenty-five of them are thus equipped, while of this number eleven have been "named" as fit subjects for rigid investigation, both before the Lexow committee and the Extraordinary Grand Jury.

Double Work For Supt. Byrnes.

There were no indications at Police Headquarters yesterday that Superintendent Byrnes intended to select any one to fill Inspector McLaughlin's place during his suspension. When ex-Superintendent Murray was under disability through illness, Inspector Byrnes was both Chief Detective and Acting Superintendent. It is a question whether, if a head of the Detective Bureau is appointed, the senior Inspector would not have a valid claim to recognition. But this would not be easy to determine, as the claims to seniority of Inspectors Williams and Conlin have never been officially settled.
Mr. Byrnes called the roll of detectives yesterday, and kept in touch with the business of that officer, besides making some changes in assignments to duty. He refused to talk about Commissioner Martin's assertion that, as a member of the Civil Service Board, he (Byrnes) rated applicants for appointment and certified applicants for promotion, and that, in substance, appointments and promotions were made on his recommendation.
In regard to the short-handed condition of the department and the effect of the action of the Extraordinary Grand Jury and public criticism on the morale of the force, the Superintendent said:
"Life and property will be safe. Of course, the men, in the circumstances, need to be held up to their duty and encouraged, but, so far as the interests of the public are concerned, we shall weather the storms."

At The Criminal Courts Building.

At the Criminal Courts Building interest was divided between the Extraordinary Grand Jury and the District Attorney's office. Col. Fellows was busy all day with preparations for the pleadings of the indicted members of the police force today and for the coming trials. He announced that he would take personal charge of every case, and that he would be assisted by ex-Surrogate Daniel G. Rollins, with whom he had a conference, and Austen G. Fox, and that he would not call on any of the Assistant District Attorneys to aid in the prosecutions.
The Oyer and Terminer Grand Jury appeared yesterday to have undertaken the investigation of widely-diverging phases of iniquity. What has come to be styled the "fight to a finish" between the Parkhurst society and Central Office Detectives Jacobs and McManus was again under consideration. Superintendent Dennett of the society, Agents Lennon and Whitney, and the burglar Joseph Liss went to the witnesses room with several unidentified persons of both sexes. They were, outside the Grand Jury precincts, under the surveillance of several men who watched in the interest of the detectives.
One of the Parkhurst agents said that if Jacobs and McManus thought they were "out of the woods" they were fools, as every endeavor would be made to have the detectives indicted for corrupt practices. Other witnesses before the jury appeared to have been called to give testimony in relation to the Fire Department, and there were some whose presence could not be explained except by the inference that the Police Department investigation had not ended. It was assumed that Foreman Leggett would tomorrow hand up a second batch of indictments. Justice Ingraham did not open court yesterday. Police Commissioner Andrews's resolution guaranteeing all the assistance the Police Department could furnish was handed to Mr. Leggett.

Guesses That Were Wrong.

One who has perfect knowledge of the doings of the Grand Jury since Jan. 7 talked guardedly of them up to the time the first indictments were handed in, because of the stories in circulation about the number of indictments "found" and the number handed to Justice Ingraham, and the assertion that a number were held back. He said:
"Forty-nine poppycocks! It has already been explained, and, I believe, published in The New York Times that there is no indictment until it is presented to the court whence the jury emanates. An indictment is considered when evidence against a person is heard. It is found when the evidence appears to be strong enough to convict. A third stage is when it is ordered. The indictment is then drafted, but it is not, as I have said before, an indictment until fully agreed upon, signed, and handed to the court.
The inference that a number of indictments were held back because of the numbers on those that Justice Ingraham received was wrong. The guesses about the number of indictments "considered," "found," and "ordered" were wrong. Of course, many inquiries in regard to certain persons were advanced from the first stage to the second or even the third, and then either abandoned or put off for various reasons.
The Extraordinary Grand Jury did not need the decision in the case of ex-Capt. Cross and Wardman Smith to guide it. It had no effect on its decisions. It started in to make a record of convictions - not of indictments - and, as you see by the twenty indictments that are filed, the people will call witnesses who are respectable or trustworthy to prove the guilt of the defendants.
It should be understood that the jurors have not done with the Police Department, and that they are not pressed for time. No doubt the task is irksome to many of them, and to some it means a sacrifice of business interests. But never has the community had a more devoted, earnest, and intelligent Grand Jury. It is a compliment to them to say that they were more than two months in indicting eleven persons because they were painstaking and careful.
With the investigation of the Fire Department and election matters, which has hardly begun, and the police inquisition, I do not think that the jurors will hesitate when the end of the month comes to ask that their term may be extended by the court. There is no legal obstacle in the way of continuing the investigation throughout any period.
As to the comment about the jury failing to indict Inspector Williams, let me say that his case has not yet been disposed of, and that ample attention was given to it. For one reason or another the jurors evinced great eagerness to secure valid evidence against this official, and if I am not mistaken their interest in him has not abated, and will not. If he has not yet been indicted, you can find a reason for it in the statement I made about the aim of the jury when it began its labors. Wait until the Grand Jury files into court for the last time before passing judgment on its industry and earnestness in the cause of clean government.

Inspector Williams's Status.

The status of Inspector Williams just now provokes gossip and comment everywhere. Dec. 28, 1894, when he left the witness stand his cronies pronounced him "vindicated" before the Lexow committee. The failure to file an indictment against him last Monday vitalized his prestige in certain quarters where it had been wavering because of the knowledge that Capt. Schmittberger had repeated his accusations before the Grand Jury, and that efforts had been made to corroborate the accusations.
Had the Inspector been indicted there would have been, no doubt, a rush by many who had been deterred by fear from coming forward with evidence or cajoled or placated to silence to aid in his downfall. As it was he was jaunty and bubbling over with exultation as he escorted some of his indicted comrades before Justice Ingraham Monday.

Can Still Be Indicted.

In the light of recent events, and considering the fact that Schmittberger's accusations against Williams come within the statutory period of five years, the following conversation between a reporter for the New York Times and Assistant District Attorney Lindsay, Jan. 5, 1895, is interesting:

Q. - Can Inspector Williams be indicted on Capt. Schmittberger's testimony before the Lexow committee? A. - If it can be proved that Schmittberger paid the proceeds of his bribery to Inspector Williams at any time since January, 1890, the Inspector can be indicted. The indictment in cases of felony must be within five years.
Q. - Can Williams be indicted on his own evidence that he neglected his duty and knowingly allowed disorderly houses to exist? A. - No; that was a misdemeanor, and the limitation in prosecution for misdemeanors is two years. According to Williams's testimony, he was guilty of misdemeanor many years ago.
Q. - Could Inspector Williams be indicted for perjury in swearing before the Lexow committee that he owned land in Japan, when against him is the testimony of the Japanese Consul that at the time mentioned by the Inspector it was impossible for him to own land in Japan? A. - He could if it could be shown that his statement was false.

What a Former Grand Jury Said.

The Grand Jury sworn in by Judge Gildersleeve, April 2, 1883, of which H.K. Thurber was foreman, presented Williams, who was then Captain of the Twenty-ninth (now the Nineteenth) Precinct, to the Court of General Sessions, saying:
In some of the precincts of the police force in this city we find a condition of demoralization and remissness in the enforcement of the gambling and excise laws that in our opinion calls for a pointed expression on our part and some emphatic action on the part of the public authorities. These evils are not the growth of a day. From year to year they have been flourishing in our midst. That they could exist and increase as they have in some of the precincts had any honest and determined effort been made by the respective Captains to suppress them is not credible, especially when the large numbers of their patrons of every class who are necessary to their successful existence are considered, and the ease of access by any successful detective which that circumstance allows, and the consequent facility in obtaining evidence. Certain it is that a few earnest citizens, actuated by an honest desire to enforce the laws with respect to these crimes, have in some precincts done the work for which our large police force is employed and paid. The existence and increase of these evils in late years is strongly confirmatory of the rumor widely current that they are maintained, not in spite of the Captains of these precincts, but rather by their aid and under their protection.
We have especially inquired into the condition of affairs in the Twenty-ninth and Tenth Precincts, and learned that on the 21st day of February, 1883, Capt. Alexander S. Williams of the Twenty-ninth Precinct was personally notified by Mr. Anthony Comstock that at 102 West Thirty-second Street, at 461, 490, 516, 518, and 522 Sixth Avenue, in this city, there were gambling saloons, where roulette or faro were running constantly, and he was then called upon to close them. It further appeared that the above premises were in the Twenty-ninth Precinct, and that the places in Sixth Avenue were within three blocks of the Twenty-ninth Precinct Station House; that after such notification to Capt. Williams and on the 18th of March, 1888, Mr. Comstock, upon certain warrants, raided the premises referred to as 102 West Thirty-second Street and seized a quantity of gambling apparatus and material, and that said seizure was shortly afterward followed by the arrest and subsequent indictment of Albert J. Adams as owner of said gambling establishment and a number of other men as players in Adams's employ.
Again, on the 20th of March, 1883, Mr. Comstock raided 102 West Thirty-second Street and found the premises occupied by gamblers and the game of rouge et noir going on. A large quantity of gambling material was also found and seized. It also appeared that the various premises in Sixth Avenue have continued open and running without any apparent interruption. It further appears that no raid has been made upon these premises by Capt. Williams since his notification, and apparently no effort has been made to close or suppress them.
From the statement furnished to the Police Department by Capt. Williams on the 9th of January, 1883, a copy of which is hereto annexed, it appears that he has for some months been aware that these premises above referred to, as well as many others, were or were reported to be regular gambling dens, and that he was also aware of the names of the owners of the establishments, their landlords, and the nature of the game reputed to be carried on at the several places. And, yet either from lamentable incapacity or a shameful neglect of duty, Capt. Williams permits these places to remain undisturbed and open within almost a stone's throw of his precint station house, leaving it to public-spirited citizens to obtain that evidence which he ought to obtain through his own detectives.

* * * In the opinion of the Grand Jury, the failure on the part of these officers to enforce the law in their respective precincts indicates either that these officers are willfully conniving at the flagrant violations of law which have long existed in their precincts, or else that they are incompetent and unfit for the positions they now hold. Private citizens, actuated by a desire to see the law enforced, seem to have no difficulty in obtaining the necessary evidence in these precincts, while the Captains, appointed for their supposed ability and aptitude in suppressing crime, are alone unable to secure the arrests of the offenders and the strict enforcement of the law. While we hesitate to prefer a criminal charge by way of indictment against these Captains, we earnestly recommend and urge that Capt. Williams and Capt. Allaire be removed from their positions and from the force, on account of their manifest unfitness. In conclusion, we earnestly recommend that the District Attorney should give especial attention to this subject, and spare no pains or reasonable expense to ferret out and bring to speedy justice any and all of those custodians of the public safety who have been false to their trust. The above, by unanimous vote of the Grand Jury, the foreman was directed to sign and deliver to the court.
H.K. THURBER, Foreman.

Williams, when he knew of the action of the Grand Jury, remarked.
"I have nothing to say, except that I would rather have had an indictment than a presentation. When Grand Juries listen to the ex parte statements of men who are not regarded as reliable in any court, they can find a presentment against anybody."
The men stigmatized as "not regarded as reliable" were Anthony Comstock, D.J. Whitney, ex-Assitant District Attorney Beecher, C.F. Billings, S.H. Comstock, and Frederick C. Cooper.
Williams's first act after the presentation was to try to arrest two of the agents of the Society for the Prevention of Crime for blackmail, using Marcus Cicero Stanley, the lottery man, and a bartender as witnesses. Police Justice Hugh Gardner refused to grant a warrant on their testimony. A few days after all the ward detectives were placed under the control of Thomas Byrnes, then an Inspector of Police, so that they were, to a certain extent, independent of their commanding officers.

Does Not Fit, Mr. Rollins Says.

Commenting editorially on Williams's immunity, The Tribune said yesterday:
Censorious critics will not fail to take notice that one of the special counsel of the Grand Jury might have been influenced by feelings of peculiar tenderness and consideration for Inspector Williams. This was shown to ex-Surrogate Daniel G. Rollins, who said:
"That identifies me, as I am spoken of in about the same way in the news columns of this newspaper. All I have to say is that I cannot imagine what it means, as never at any time, in any manner, were there the relations of lawyer and client between me and Inspector Williams. I am amazed."
Mr. Rollins did not deny that he knew the Inspector, but he insisted that, while there was absolutely no truth in the insinuation that Williams had "a friend in the court" in the Grand Jury chamber, any evidence of a leaning toward his interests there would have been an act of folly, as it would have been detected, and the jurors were not individually or collectively men who would submit to such an insult to their integrity.
Assistant District Attorney Lindsay would not talk of the Grand Jury or its accomplished work on the plea that on Monday he said all he was likely to say for some time on the subject.

PARKHURST VISITS RAYMOND STREET JAIL.
He Was After Information About Straw Bail, It Is Thought.

Dr. Charles H. Parkhurst called on Mayor Schieren yesterday and later paid a visit to the Raymond Street Jail, where he had a talk with George Williams, alias "Wade" Murray, who was arrested last week on the charge of stealing a diamond pin.
It is said that Williams was visited by Dr. Parkhurst at the request of the former, and that he gave Dr. Parkhurst considerable information regarding straw bail bondsmen in New York.
Neither Dr. Parkhurst nor Williams would divulge the object of the visit.

To Begin the Reapportionment.

The joint committee of Aldermen and Supervisors on the reapportionment of Kings County met in the Supervisors' Chambers in the County Court House, Brooklyn, last night, and elected as President Jackson Wallace, the President of the Board of Aldermen.
Alderman Cohn said it was essential that the committee have an expert, as the work of reapportioning the county into twenty-one Assembly districts was important. He named Charles B. Morton, who was Assistant Postmaster under Gen. McLeer, Secretary of the Republican County Committee, and a delegate to the last Constitutional Convention.
Mr. Morton was elected, and will receive $200 a month for his services.
A committee consisting of Alderman Haubert and Cohn and Supervisor Gretsinger, was appointed to find suitable headquarters. The joint committee will meet again next Wednesday.

Source: The New York Times, March 21, 1895
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