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Sir Edward Ridley Colborne Bradford

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Sir Edward Ridley Colborne Bradford

Post by Karen on Thu 9 Aug 2012 - 8:37

Why Mr. Monro Resigned.

Men's New Demand - "More Pay."

The new Chief Commissioner of Police is Sir Edward Ridley Colborne Bradford, K.C.S.I. The following is a brief sketch of Sir Edward's career, as given in the Times: - He is a son of the late Rev. W.M.K. Bradford, rector of West Meon, Hants., by Mary, daughter of the late Rev. C.H. Ridley. He was born in 1836. He entered the Madras Army in 1853, became lieutenant in 1855, captain in 1865, major in 1873, lieutenant-colonel in 1879, and colonel in 1883. Sir Edward Bradford served with the 14th Light Dragoons in the Persian campaign from February 21 till June 8, 1857, in the Jubbulpore district during 1857, and afterwards in the North-Western Provinces in 1858, with General Michel's force in Mayne's Horse against Tantia Topee in that year. He was present at the general action of Scindwha and the action and pursuit at Karai, and served with General Napier's columns in Mayne's Horse from December, 1858, to September, 1859, and was present in several actions with the enemy, gaining the medal, and being twice thanked in despatches. The new Commissioner has held the position of Resident First Class and Governor-General's agent for Rajpootana, and has been Chief Commissioner in Ajmere. He has, since his return to this country, been secretary of the Political and Secret Department of the India Office. Sir Edward, who was appointed A.D.C. to the Queen last year, accompanied H.R.H. the Duke of Clarence and Avondale on his recent visit to India. He has lost one of his arms, the result of an encounter with a tiger some years ago. The office of Agent to the Governor-General in the Rajpoot States, which Sir Edward held, is one of the most important in India, ranking with the Agency at Indore, though not with the Residentship at Hyderabad, the "blue ribbon" of the Indian political service. Ere he occupied that he held the position of general-superintendent of operations for suppressing the malpractices of the Thugs and the Dacoits.
Sir Richard Temple has given the new Chief Commissioner a highly commendatory testimonial. "Whilst in Rajpootana, Sir Edward's career was (he says) marked throughout with great discretion, tact, suavity, and resolution. His attitude towards his subordinates gained for him friends in all branches of the service, and I should think he is certain to gain the confidence of the police force. When I first knew him he had the reputation of an excellent sportsman, being full of coolness and nerve under trying circumstances. It was during one of his hunting expeditions that he lost his arm. I think a tigress bit it off. He is a good rider, and if the emergency should arise would, I feel convinced, have a good head in a row with a London mob. If any trouble should arise in the Metropolis, he is exactly the man to cope with it. The appointment appears to me to be an excellent one."


In view of the debate in the House of Commons upon the vote for salaries and expenses connected with the office of Commissioner of Metropolitan Police, the following facts relating to the circumstances which led to Mr. Monro's resignation will be of interest. Apart from the differences of opinion by which the crisis was immediately brought about, it is no longer, so the Times alleges, any secret that for some considerable time past the relations between the First Commissioner and the Home Office had been somewhat seriously strained. For many months past Mr. Monro has encountered difficulties connected with police administration arising from the way in which his efforts to procure recognition for what he regarded as the fair requirements and demands of the police had been hampered. Thus, it is stated on the best authority that since the beginning of 1889 he has found it impossible to procure clothing for the members of the force owing to the manner in which the contract for such clothing had been carried out. The contract was entered into by the Home Office against the suggestion of Sir Charles Warren, and against the recommendations of the Receiver (the financial advisor of the Secretary of State). It came into operation after Mr. Monro had assumed charge of the office of Commissioner, and throughout the greater part of 1889, the complaints of the responsible officers as to the clothing supplied were incessant. After repeated remonstrances had been made to the Home Office without result, Mr. Monro felt himself compelled, at the end of October, to disclaim responsibility for the maintenance of a contract which he considered injurious to the interests and efficiency of the force.


Another question which led to a difference of opinion between Mr. Monro and the Home Secretary was that of "refreshment allowance," or gratuity for extra duty. The claim for such remuneration was a new one, due to new circumstances and conditions of service, for latterly the calls on the men for extra duty had recurred so frequently that, in the opinion of the First Commissioner, the men had a fair and equitable claim to some small additional pay, in consideration of the additional work they were required to perform. Mr. Monro's views on this point failed to meet with the approval of the Home Secretary. It was never proposed to apply the principle to the case of men who were simply performing their functions, say, in Hyde-park instead of on their beats; but only to that of constables who were called upon when they ought to have been on leave or otherwise off duty. It seemed to Mr. Monro that the payment of the small solatium of 1s. per constable for several hours' extra duty was both advisable and equitable; but the Secretary of State, unfortunately, did not see his way to accept these views. Any claim the men might have on the ground of equity was distinctly repudiated, and it was only after great pressure had been applied that any concession was made at all. Great dissatisfaction was felt by the men at this treatment of what they regarded as a fair demand, and it may be added that this dissatisfaction was regarded with sympathy by Mr. Monro as being legitimate.


With reference to the superannuation question, it is stated that the draft Bill conceded the principle of granting a pension of two-thirds' pay after twenty-five years' service, without reference to age limit and without medical certificate. It was, however, on the other hand, proposed to diminish the pensions obtainable by men between the fifteenth and twentieth years of service, and this diminution of pensions extended to the cases of existing members of the force. To this grave exception was taken by Mr. Monro, and it was because the Home Secretary was unable to see his way to waive this condition that Mr. Monro resigned. It is stated that he did so purposely before the Bill became a Government measure, so that he might not be placed in the false position of having to advocate the adoption of a Government measure which the men knew he had opposed when it was before the Secretary of State as police authority. In the Government Bill there is no proposed diminution of pensions such as appeared in the draft Bill; but, on the other hand, the two-thirds concession has disappeared. In its place is a clause which gives a pension to the force, after twenty-five years' service, of three-fifths, without reference to age limit and without medical certificate. The full pension of two-thirds is not to be attained until after twenty-eight years' service. There is, therefore, in this respect, a vital change in the Government Bill from that which was proposed in the draft Bill drawn up by the Home Secretary as police authority, and which was the immediate occasion of Mr. Monro's resignation.


There were thus three points which had an influence in inducing Mr. Monro to resign: - First, there was the divergence of views between the Secretary of State and himself as to the superannuation question - a divergence on points of such vital importance that it may be described as having brought Mr. Monro's dissatisfaction to a head; secondly, there were the circumstances connected with the appointment of a successor to Colonel Pearson; and thirdly, the difficulties under which he had laboured for many months owing to divergences of views as to important matters of police administration between Mr. Matthews and himself. With regard to the appointment of a successor to Colonel Pearson, Mr. Monro maintains that he never said the Secretary of State had communicated to him any decision as to Mr. Ruggles-Brise. What he did say was that he received from the Secretary of State fair indications that the duties of that successor were to be entrusted to "a gentleman who, however estimable personally, had no police, military, or legal training." Mr. Monro was aware that the idea of providing for Mr. Ruggles-Brise by appointing him Assistant-Commissioner had been contemplated previously; and when he put forward the claims of Mr. Howard, on the grounds of long service, high character, and fitness for the post, and in order to enable him to effect a saving by the abolition of a subordinate office, Mr. Matthews, in a letter dated June 11, stated that he had discussed the respective merits of the gentleman whom Mr. Monro recommended and of another, "who appeared to him to be, on the whole, better qualified."


There are other points in connection with police administration which have been a source of difficulty to Mr. Monro, and which are attributed to the action or inaction of the Home Office. Among these may be mentioned illegalities of police procedure, and duties imposed upon the police which do not legally belong to them. The manner in which the important subject of the consolidation of the police has been treated, it is said, would be ludicrous if it did not gravely interfere with police administration, and the administration of the rabies order has been most ineffective, owing to police requirements not having been met. Throughout all these transactions the agitation which has sprung up among the force has been disregarded, in spite of repeated warnings, and owing to the action, and sometimes the inaction, of the Home Office, the efficient administration of the London police force has been gravely interfered with.


Two meetings of the men were held yesterday - one at Paddington-green Police-station, and the other at the hall of the Social Democratic Federation. The first was the more important gathering - it was attended by delegates from a great number of divisions. The second meeting, which was attended by about a hundred men, declared in favour of a new scale of pensions, and gave a verdict in favour of the necessity of forming a Policemen's Union. At the Paddington-green meeting it was evident that the men were thoroughly in earnest, and prepared to avail themselves of every opportunity to give the most strenuous opposition to Mr. Matthews's Police Superannuation Scheme as it at present stands. Superintendent Giles, who addressed the men, was clearly desirous of convincing his hearers that the matter under discussion in Parliament was merely a Bill relating to superannuation and to pensions, and that the discussion of other matters was foreign to the occasion. They would not listen to him, and it was obvious to the most indifferent spectator that the matters of superannuation and pensions had taken a second place. Interruptions came from all sides, and the burden of all the interruptions was the same. "We must have higher pay" was the answer of the men to every arguement, and so persistent were they that in the end the superintendent was compelled to retire, saying that he had done all that lay in his power and could do no more. Then the men resolved themselves into a conference, which meant that diverse of them delivered speeches, and of every speech the burden was a demand for more pay. At the same time it is necessary to advert to a certain inconsistency of attitude on the part of the discontented men. They say - they repeated many times yesterday - "We will not strike." They added that they would not be guilty of anything approaching to a strike, but in the same breath many of them spoke of sending in their resignations simultaneously, which amounts to much the same thing. Hence (says a Times correspondent) comes it that, with all reluctance to pose as an alarmist, I say that the danger of a police strike, although not very near, is appreciably nearer than it was a few days ago. One thing was certain - the men were enthusiastic admirers of Mr. Monro.

Source: The Echo, Saturday June 21, 1890, Page 4

Karen Trenouth
Author of: "Epiphany of the Whitechapel Murders"
Author of: "Jack the Ripper: The Satanic Team"

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Re: Sir Edward Ridley Colborne Bradford

Post by Karen on Thu 9 Aug 2012 - 13:13


Sir Edward Bradford, the Commissioner of Police, has made arrangements for today's procession to Hyde-park. The men of all ranks, on foot and mounted, told off for special duty along the line of route from Clerkenswell-green to Hyde-park number about 950. The arrangements are under Colonel Monsell, the Chief Constable, and the superintendents and inspectors have full liberty to exercise their discretion along the route. Should riotous proceedings or the breaking of windows take place, the officers in command are to "act with vigour, and disperse the mobs." The mounted men are to carry truncheons instead of swords, and the procession is to be stopped from time to time when crossing main thoroughfares at any place where it may be deemed necessary for vehicular and ordinary foot traffic to proceed. The convenience of ordinary traffic is to be studied as much as possible, and sections of the processionists crossing busy thoroughfares are to be stopped, and ordinary traffic resumed from time to time. Sir Edward Bradford makes the superintendents responsible for the execution of these orders and arrangements, and gives them the power to use all reasonable means to prevent disorder or obstruction. A thorough system of signalling from the line of route to headquarters is to be established, and the Commissioner directs that, while double patrols shall parade the streets on and abutting the line of route, reserves are to be held in readiness at stations near Hyde-park. The men forming this special force are to be provided, in addition to the local police, from all the divisions of the Metropolis and its suburbs, and the Commissioner directs that the constables shall remain on duty as long as deemed necessary.

Source: The Echo, Saturday July 5, 1890, Page 3

Karen Trenouth
Author of: "Epiphany of the Whitechapel Murders"
Author of: "Jack the Ripper: The Satanic Team"

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