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New Recommendations to be Put in Effect

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1 New Recommendations to be Put in Effect on Sat 21 Apr 2012 - 1:07


Valuable Lessons Taught by the Disaster to the Titanic.

Seven reforms outlined in the report issued on Thursday night of the Merchant Shipping Advisory Committee to the Board of Trade make the new Blue Book a valuable document on ocean traffic.
First, the lessons of the Titanic disaster are read, and the new notes are indicated as to the number of boats carried by passenger ships and the rate of speed in ice zones. The recommendations are: -

Boats and rafts to carry all.
Crews trained to man them.
Periodic boat inspection.
More davits for larger ships.
Wireless to be compulsorily installed.
Assistant operators to be carried.
Speed reduced amid ice.

Important negative recommendations are:

No searchlights.
No binoculars for look-outs.
Motor-boat not compulsory.
Channel boats not affected.

For passenger and emigrant ships the committee says that existing regulations should be modified so that

The carrying capacity of boats and approved life-rafts be sufficient to accommodate all persons on board.

The committee recommends, however, that the gross tonnage of vessels should continue to be the basis of the number of boats to be carried under davits, but in addition to boats under davits, the committee holds that additional collapsible and other boats and rafts sufficient to carry all on board are necessary.

Source: Lloyd's Weekly News, August 18, 1912, Page 4

Karen Trenouth
Author of: "Epiphany of the Whitechapel Murders"
Author of: "Jack the Ripper: The Satanic Team"

2 Re: New Recommendations to be Put in Effect on Mon 23 Apr 2012 - 21:30



Rear-Admiral Calthorpe, representing the Board of Trade Committee on Boats and Davits, was present at the White City yesterday to see a display of life-saving inventions, especially those adapted to ships' boats and their manipulation in connection with the davits.
The Admiral was particularly interested in a life-saving cabin filled with air-tight compartments which could be released from a sinking ship. Afterwards a demonstration was given in the lake of life-saving belts and jackets, collapsible boats, and breeches and electric lighted buoys, the latter for use at night.

Source: Lloyd's Weekly News, September 1, 1912, Page 2

Karen Trenouth
Author of: "Epiphany of the Whitechapel Murders"
Author of: "Jack the Ripper: The Satanic Team"


Automatic Release for Rafts in the Hour of Danger.

Since the Titanic disaster the question of life-saving appliances at sea has been very prominently before the public. The provision of life-rafts on steamers, which would, at any rate, give flotation in case of vessels foundering, has been under consideration in some shipping lines.
In this connection, a new device for the automatic release of such life-rafts, which has been patented by Captain John Pearce, of Cheltenham, is of special interest. Captain Pearce, who has himself been more than twenty-eight years at sea, was led to the invention of this device long before the Titanic was wrecked by the consideration of other shipping disasters, in which much life was lost owing to there being no time to swing out or launch the boats from the davits.
"Where life-rafts are carried," he explained to a "Lloyd's" representative, "they are generally fastened by lashings. What happens? The lashings are painted over when the vessel is in port, and after a bit get as hard as wire. Then a sudden disaster comes - no time to lose; those lashings can't be cut with a knife - you must take an axe, and even then it is a difficult matter."
Captain Pearce's invention does away with the need of lashings altogether. The raft, which may be of any design satisfying Board of Trade regulations, is held in a kind of wooden frame, consisting of two hinged planks, and is then secured at the fore and after ends by two beams resting on the planks. Directly the beams are knocked away the hinged planks fall, and the raft is instantly released. Should the vessel founder so quickly that there is no time even to do this, directly the water reaches the raft it will float off automatically. Undoubtedly many lives could have been saved in the case of the Titanic had there been a provision of these rafts, which, released automatically by the foundering of the vessel, would have provided support to large numbers of those swimming in the sea until they could have been picked up.
Captain Pearce was able to test his invention practically some months ago in Sydney Harbour, where a model of his contrivance was duly submerged. The patent chocks immediately showed their efficiency; the raft was automatically released, and floated at once to the surface.
"The raft is held quite securely on the deck in the roughest weather," added Captain Pearce, "and it would be placed underneath the boats on the davits, so that no additional deck space would be occupied. An advantage of such rafts is that in very rough weather they can still be launched from the weather side of the ship when it would be impossible to launch the boats, and that they never capsize."

Source: Lloyd's Weekly News, July 7, 1912, Page 9

Karen Trenouth
Author of: "Epiphany of the Whitechapel Murders"
Author of: "Jack the Ripper: The Satanic Team"

4 Re: New Recommendations to be Put in Effect on Fri 18 May 2012 - 23:27


Scotsman Perfects Device to Make "Growler" Notify Its Advent.

An ingenious and simple device has been produced by a canny Scot to make an approaching iceberg warn a ship's captain of its proximity by ringing an electric bell.
The "frigidometer" is the name given to a new instrument, and the inventor is Mr. Alexander McNab, a Scotsman, living in America.
An indicator is placed at a number on a dial marking a certain temperature below that of the water in which the steamer is travelling. The captain may go to his cabin or to dinner, and, as soon as the vessel gets into colder water, a bell rings near him.
The instrument consists of two temperature registers, one for the sea and the other for the air. Each has different toned electric bells and two glass dials, one green and the other red, so that the officer can tell at once whether the sudden drop is in both sea and air.
The frigidometer has been tried on the Mauretania, whose captain has testified to its efficiency, and Senator Smith, chairman of the American Titanic inquiry, has seen and highly praised the contrivance.

Source: Lloyd's Weekly News, August 25, 1912, Page 7

Karen Trenouth
Author of: "Epiphany of the Whitechapel Murders"
Author of: "Jack the Ripper: The Satanic Team"

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